The symptoms of tuberculosis|TB more information
- The symptoms of tuberculosis
- What are the symptoms of tuberculosis warning signs
The symptoms of Tuberculosis Before mentioning, a few words which are absolutely necessary –
Which you can know on this page. It is listed at a glance
Tuberculosis in brief (TB Summary)
On March 24, 1882, Dr. Robert Cocke discovered Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the cause of tuberculosis. It can occur in any organ.
100 year after the discovery of 24 March 1982, World Tuberculosis Day is observed every year on 24 March to commemorate the day and raise public awareness about the treatment of tuberculosis.
Some important symptoms are discussed below –
The part of the body where the TB germs are infected will cause swelling. For example, if the throat gland is affected, the throat will swell, if the spine is affected, the entire spine will swell.
If the brain is infected, the water level increases there too. That is the amount of edema or water in the human brain increases.
Also, the skin or any other area becomes swollen.
Apart from this, loss of appetite, sudden loss of body weight, feeling feverish, sweating profusely, etc. are some of the common symptoms of tuberculosis.
The swollen part will not be very firm or watery at all. Will be semi-solid. If the size of the swelling is large, it can also cause pain.
In the case of tuberculosis in the liver, water enters the stomach, so the stomach also swells abnormally. must remember, Not everyone gets tuberculosis just by entering the body.
Tuberculosis is more common in people with a low immune system. Tuberculosis germs also spread through the air.
Through the sneeze or cough of a person suffering from tuberculosis, the germs of the disease go into the air and cause infection.
The symptoms of tuberculosis
Tuberculosis through a deadly infection is an airborne contagious disease. Germs are spread by sneezing, coughing, talking, and in the air. Entering the body in contact with animals or humans, it first takes shelter in the lungs.
What is the name of the germ of TB disease?
One word is the answer – Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Read the full post for details.
Who is most at risk for tuberculosis?
HIV- Those who already have HIV infection in their bodies, but after that, if the symptoms of tuberculosis remain in their bodies, then it definitely becomes Ricks. Because there is a more deadly disease in the body.
So in this condition, there is a possibility of recovery if treated at the initial stage. It is more likely that the second and third stages will not heal.
Smoking:- If a patient, despite suffering from this disease, is addicted to smoking or is so addicted that they want to commit suicide if they don’t smoke.
Spend a lazy day. Because smoking contains so much bad nicotine that it can easily destroy the lungs, this disease takes a serious form in smokers.
Low body weight:- Neither thin health nor a fat body harms the human body. But the problem is if, that body is weak and unhealthy, sick. Diseases other than Tuberculosis are also affected, the body becomes emaciated and tuberculosis of various organs, then definitely Rix.
Severe kidney disease:- If a patient has kidney problems with creatinine above 5.1 and needs dialysis. If blood pressure is out of control, it can become fatal. There is no chance of survival.
So all those patients who are suffering from minor kidney problems, quickly change the food menu and take medicine with the advice of an experienced doctor.
Head and neck cancer:- There are some places in the body where people can easily recover from cancer. But there are places where people die of cancer.
For example, if cancer occurs in the head, brain, throat, liver, lungs, etc., the chances of survival are very limited. So treat this disease at the initial stage and take it properly and stay healthy.
Diabetes:- If a person’s diabetes level is above 10.1 on an empty stomach. Then any infection does not want to heal easily. Also, tuberculosis attacks the lungs severely.
If there is also diabetes, then the infection does not want to go away easily and leads to death.
Diabetics are one such disease, which contributes to all diseases and weakens vitality. So it can be said that it is the king or godfather of all diseases.
What increases tuberculosis?
The third stage of tuberculosis disease is when fluid accumulates in the lungs or pus forms in the lungs, abscesses, ripens, and spreads from it or becomes lung cancer.
It then takes on a very serious form, and when it invades the lungs, the infection is caused by this bacterium.
The patient may die. So you can understand The symptoms of tuberculosis on this page if you observe well.
What are the symptoms of tuberculosis warning signs
Coughing for three or more weeks:- Different types of cough are common but all coughs are TB
Not a disease.
There are also some coughs that last for three weeks or more, but those types of coughs are allergic symptoms.
Therefore, tuberculosis should be suspected if there is a cough for three consecutive weeks with symptoms of TB.
Because TB symptoms and cough for three weeks are 100% tuberculosis. So we need to go to the nearest hospital and get tested. Because it can invade the lungs and destroy life.
Unintentional weight loss:- If a person does not gain enough body weight despite eating enough. No disease was detected in the body. But constantly his body is worn out and thin.
Looks like a lot of work. Does not consume food at the proper time. But it’s the opposite. Despite everything being fine, the body is gradually deteriorating. Although looking like Nadus-nudus, inside is weakness and health thin and thin.
The bottom line is that eating a lot does not lead to health. Therefore, the suspicion of tuberculosis increases in their case. So it is necessary to test.
Fatigue:- Fatigue with little exertion is a sign of tuberculosis. So after suffering from other diseases various questions arise in the mind. Whether tuberculosis has occurred.
A TB patient looks like he is suffering from a major disease. Because that person cannot easily do any work. If you do it, you get tired. Fatigue with any exertion is a characteristic symptom of this disease.
However, weakness may occur in other diseases or may persist after a prolonged period of fever. Because fever requires antibiotics. So one can be called a side effect of the medicine.
From this, we know that any weakness is not tuberculosis. TB should be the only symptom and assume tuberculosis if most symptoms are present.
Pain with breathing:- Tuberculosis is most likely to occur if breathing becomes painful. But even if you have a heart problem, it hurts to breathe. So can’t be sure from here that my TB has.
Here the unique symptoms can be seen by different tests if they match. In this case, it is necessary to consult an experienced doctor. Because this disease can be of different types since pain in the chest or trachea is not a symptom of a disease.
A variety of diseases can occur, in which this symptom is manifested. The most common disease is tuberculosis.
Night sweats:- If a patient has pulmonary symptoms with excessive night sweats. Weakness may also appear, especially on the scalp. Sweating can also occur for a variety of reasons.
At night, a person with TB will be drenched in sweat during sleep. This symptom is manifested only in patients with tuberculosis, although it can be hereditary and occurs in other diseases.
So if this appears, I should suspect that I have tuberculosis inside. So it is necessary to know well by testing or consulting a doctor and take necessary measures.
Coughing up blood or mucus:- Coughing up blood if it is regular then it should be assumed that he has TB. Because this symptom is not seen in other diseases.
For such symptoms, a good hospital should be contacted very quickly and necessary treatment should be done by an experienced doctor. Along with preparing the food menu, the rules should be followed.
Hope to recover soon. Chances of recovery from an overdose are very low, so testing should be done at mild symptoms rather than risk.
Chills:- Catching a cold, its yano stands as a constant companion. This symptom is caused by a cold allergy, but in most cases, tuberculosis symptoms appear.
In addition to the above symptoms, if these symptoms appear, it should be assumed that you have tuberculosis. There may be some minor problems.
In addition to respiratory tract problems, TB also manifests in other places. Therefore, in this case, it should be suspected that TB has occurred. Can’t tolerate a little cold, can’t even tolerate excessive heat.
If you get wet in the rain, even if you take a bath in cold water during winter, you feel cold. Excessive sweating causes a cold.
Sometimes the symptoms of polyps inside the nose appear, so cold is one of the symptoms of tuberculosis, but the above symptoms should accompany it.
Coughing:- An excessive cough does not mean that he has tuberculosis. Because the symptoms of cough are seen in various diseases. Cough is not just a disease.
Chest pain:- If you experience chest pain along with the symptoms mentioned here, then you should understand that it is a sign of TB disease. Apart from this, chest pain symptoms are manifested in various diseases.
It can cause gastric pain, heart pain, liver pain, gall bladder, etc.
The symptoms of tuberculosis variability
Variability:- Tuberculosis patients’ mood is very changeable, sometimes laughing, sometimes crying, and even laughing at something bad.
It seems like small children, sometimes talking like old people, and also seen in diseases – sometimes headache, sometimes chest pain, cough, back pain, spinal pain, pain in hands, legs, etc.
Pain can occur at any time and after some time relief. Either, reoccurring is a mental symptom of TB.
Skin tb symptoms = Shingles
Colds are caused by minor reasons:- Tuberculosis patients always take precautions because they get cold easily. A little rain, Rudra, walking, or for any reason can cause a cold in the throat.
For some reason, they cannot tolerate colds. They nestle themselves in thoughts within the mind. Why is the only thought cold? They even think in their sleep whether they have a cold or not. So they worry more about the cold.
Loss of weight from the body:- No matter how much food a tuberculosis patient consumes, his body becomes completely dry. Nothing can solve it. Small children are seen drying from the lower limbs upwards.
Tumors or fleshy growths at certain places:- Thigh, neck, and tumor.
Vocalization:- All these patients talk excessively and unnecessarily. Soon they started quarreling. They talk for a long time about small matters and find satisfaction. Many feel resentful if their words are not heeded.
Sleep talking and being frightened, wakes up screaming. Sharil feels a kind of cold before falling asleep. But the patient suffers from being in a hot room. And the legs gradually get colder.
The left leg is colder than the right leg.
- Memory Visual impairment,
- Visual Impairment Memory,
- Weakness of uterus
- Penile Weakness,
- Nervous and mental weakness,
- Physical weakness,
The symptoms of tuberculosis tongue:- A red line in the middle of the jaw indicates tuberculosis.
Cough symptom of tb:- If symptoms of cough occur during sleep – Lying on the right side, or lying on the back increases cough.
Symptoms of fever in tuberculosis patients:- A dry cough occurs before the onset of a cold. Extreme pain and relief in the movement of limbs, hot, and cold but cannot go to a warm room, characteristic symptoms.
Due to fever, the body is so hot, the patient becomes unconscious. Abdominal pain may be accompanied by influenza. Fever increases between ten and eleven o’clock.
Then it decreases slightly and increases again in the evening.
This disease can be diagnosed in two ways, one is mental symptoms and physical symptoms, which the doctor will observe well.
The other is test-based treatment.
Which is the most common treatment system nowadays. It has 99% accuracy. This method is very effective for treatment.
However, early stages can be treated symptomatically.
Causes of TB:
Bacteria are the most responsible for this disease. That is, the disease is caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
An infected person’s sneezes and coughs infect other people. But some common symptoms are seen like – weakness, weight loss, loss of appetite, etc.
Types of tuberculosis
TB is mainly of two types Latent TB, Active TB and these are again divided into different parts and discussed in detail:-
Active TB: The most aggressive and fatal form is called active TB.
Basically, it is mostly in the lungs, so TB is the only way to destroy the lungs in various ways.
Such as – pulmonary tuberculosis
The symptoms of pulmonary tuberculosis
The symptoms of pulmonary tuberculosis or TB refer to the formation of all forms of mycobacterium tuberculosis in the lungs.
All the diseases that cause diseases, especially cold, cough, asthma, sore throat, in one word, all the respiratory. The symptoms of tuberculosis are called the pulmonary system.
It can sometimes become fatal as no person survives if the lungs are destroyed. No surgery is done here, so if the patient is treated at the initial stage, the patient can recover quickly.
There is no treatment for the third stage of this disease. Moreover, the treatment of such diseases is now affordable, every hospital now has TB units, so diseases of the pulmonary system can be easily treated.
Can infect and destroy the entire body. Sometimes the pus in this disease has the potential to spread to all organs or when it spreads it is called extra-pulmonary disease.
For example, such problems can occur in the spine, testicles, abdomen, hands, feet, or anywhere. So remember that respiratory problems can always take a complicated form and lead to death.
Pulmonary lasts for a long time in the human body. When it becomes serious, pus accumulates, water accumulates in the lungs, and becomes destructive, so you must protect yourself from it and raise awareness.
Latent TB is when a person has tuberculosis bacteria in their body, but the bacteria are in very low numbers in tests.
Even if it is in the human body, it cannot cause any harm. It is very easy to test and get results. Eg – X-ray, Cough test, etc.
Brain/meningitis Tuberculosis details:-
TB is a common infection found in most developing countries. It usually involves the lungs but sometimes it travels to other organs, including the brain.
Risk Factors for TB Meningitis or Brian’s Tuberculosis?
Although meningitis or TB of the brain can develop in adults and children of all ages. Certain health problems can predispose a person to TB meningitis.
These include children under 3 years old, weak, underweight, or malnourished, and illnesses that are caused by HIV, diabetes, etc.
What are the symptoms of TB meningitis
Symptoms of TB meningitis develop gradually over 1-3 weeks, and may even become severe.
Symptoms of tuberculosis of the brain or TB meningitis include low-grade fever, vomiting, headache, stiff neck in child, irritability, and poor sensitivity.
The child may experience convulsions, weakness in different parts of the body, etc.
Diagnosed with TB meningitis or brain tuberculosis?
After a thorough case history and physical examination of tuberculosis, certain tests are needed to diagnose TB meningitis or tuberculosis of the brain. Tests will include a lumbar puncture or a spinal tap.
These collect small amounts of fluid from the baby’s spinal column. The fluid is sent to a laboratory to confirm TB meningitis or tuberculosis of the brain. Brain imaging is also done by MRI or CT scan.
Complications of Brian tuberculosis or TB meningitis?
Important complications of TB meningitis include seizures, hearing loss, hydrocephalus, stroke, etc.
How do you treat brain TB?
Treatment of cerebral tuberculosis includes anti-TB drugs, steroids, and decongestants. Anti-TB drugs include four first-line drugs – isoniazid, pyrazinamide, rifampin, and ethambutol.
The duration of treatment is one year. Adjuvant treatment with corticosteroids is used to reduce the rate of brain cell death. Steroids can be used for 2 months.
Some children need medication to control intracranial pressure and seizures. If your child is suffering from TB, a TB specialist should be consulted for appropriate treatments.
Bladder and kidney tuberculosis
Renal tuberculosis is a form of extrapulmonary TB that centers on the kidneys. Extrapulmonary tuberculosis refers to that which affects organs outside the lungs.
Extrapulmonary sites are, for example- lymph nodes, fallopian tubes in women and epididymis in men, bone marrow, pleura, and brain, etc.
The human body has a total of two kidneys, in some cases a congenital one is present, but this is very rare. The inner part of the kidney called the medulla is usually affected.
Although the infection usually starts from the cortex. Renal tuberculosis sometimes affects the entire genitourinary tract.
Genitourinary tuberculosis accounts for about 15-20% of extra-pulmonary TB cases. Which is what most doctors say.
What causes renal tuberculosis?
Renal TB is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, especially in underdeveloped and developing countries due to poor economic conditions, they cannot keep up with the climate. And through that air, the disease spreads.
Kidneys can become infected by spreading the infection through the bloodstream to other parts of the body, especially the lungs.
A lung infection can trigger a kidney alarm at any time between five and twenty years.
Hence this type of infection spreads from the affected area. It is called secondary kidney TB.
BCG vaccine is usually given to children to protect them from tuberculosis. It is caused by mycobacterium. A more recent one is used in the treatment of bladder cancer.
In immunocompromised patients, such as those with diabetes, HIV, and patients receiving immunosuppressive drugs after organ transplantation, the risk of developing kidney tuberculosis increases.
Signs and symptoms of tuberculosis kidney
Different types of symptoms are manifested when there is tuberculosis in the kidney, so some of them are briefly mentioned –
- A urine test reveals the presence of protein or pus.
- Some blood splashes can be seen in the urine.
- Decreased kidney function.
- Increased frequency of urination, burning sensation while urinating, and getting up frequently at night to urinate. When the lower urinary tract is also involved.
- Symptoms of pulmonary TB may also be present, including night sweats, fever, and productive cough.
How to diagnose renal tuberculosis?
Diagnosing Tuberculosis in the kidney is undoubtedly a difficult task yet it is absolutely necessary for treatment, so its details are briefly mentioned below –
Blood tests: then include the following –
ESR should be repeated on a monthly basis after initiation of treatment to check treatment response.
To check kidney function – measurement of blood urea, uric acid, creatinine, renal function tests, and tests to assess calcium metabolism in the case of calcium deposits in the kidneys.
Tuberculin skin test:
In this test, a small amount of tubercular protein is injected into the skin of the inner arm. A hard red rash (induration) appears after 2/3 days if the person has previously been exposed to Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
The test is very positive in about 80% of cases of renal tuberculosis.
The following urine tests can be done to diagnose renal tuberculosis:
A routine urine test that may show the presence of pus cells and red blood cells
Urine cultures in specific media promote the growth of mycobacteria.
This should be done on three to five-morning urine samples. It takes 4 to 8 weeks to get the results.
Culture can be done in a specific liquid medium, which provides rapid results like polymerase chain reaction (PCR) allowing early detection of infection.
Urinary tract imaging tests that may be used to diagnose renal tuberculosis include the following:
Intravenous urogram or intravenous pyelogram – In this imaging test, a dye is injected into the blood that is filtered by the kidneys and passes through the urinary tract, and is imaged.
It can detect structural and functional problems caused by tuberculosis in the urinary tract. The test should be repeated three to four months after starting treatment to check if any surgical treatment is needed
CT scan, which is useful in diagnosing advanced kidney disease
X-ray: which can show the presence of calcium deposits
Ultrasound, to monitor response to TB treatment.
The symptoms of abdominal TB:
The clinical features of abdominal tuberculosis are varied. The symptoms of tuberculosis
The most common disease are abdominal pain, anorexia, recurrent diarrhea, weight loss, low-grade fever, cough, and abdominal distension.
On medical examination, abdominal lumps may also be present, as well as enlarged lymph nodes elsewhere in the body.
Abdominal TB diagnosed:
Diagnosis can be confirmed by isolating TB bacteria from the digestive tract through biopsy or endoscopy. However, other helpful tests that may be done are the Mantoux test, abdominal X-ray, and scans such as ultrasound, chest X-ray, and CT scan.
Complications of abdominal TB Symptom:
Untreated intestinal TB can lead to intestinal obstruction, fistula, And even abscess, perforation resulting in peritonitis.
Treatment of stomach TB:
Drugs commonly used during the initial 2 months of therapy are isoniazid (INH), rifampicin, ethambutol, and pyrazinamide.
During the next 7-10 months (ongoing phase) the 2 most commonly used drugs are INH and Rifampicin. abdominal TB requires treatment with at least 3-4 anti-TB drugs for the initial 2 months and 2 anti-TB drugs for 7-10 months thereafter.
Abdominal TB diagnosed:
Diagnosis can be confirmed by isolating TB bacteria from the digestive tract through biopsy or endoscopy.
However, other helpful tests that may be done are the Mantoux test, chest X-ray, abdominal X-ray (with or without barium), and scans such as ultrasound and CT scan.
Complications of abdominal TB:
Untreated intestinal TB can lead to intestinal obstruction, fistula, or even abscess and perforation resulting in peritonitis.
The symptoms of tuberculosis abdominal:
The clinical features of abdominal tuberculosis are varied. The most common symptoms are abdominal pain, weight loss, anorexia, recurrent diarrhea, low-grade fever, cough, and abdominal distension.
On examination, the doctor may feel lumps, fluid, or dirt in the abdomen. Also, there may be enlarged lymph nodes elsewhere in the body.
Abdominal TB surgery:
The surgery is required whenever there is perforation, abscess, or fistula formation.
How is tuberculosis treated?
Allopathic Treatment For TB
Drugs commonly used during the initial 2 months of therapy are isoniazid (INH), rifampicin, ethambutol, and pyrazinamide. During the next 7-10 months (ongoing phase) the 2 most commonly used drugs are INH and Rifampicin.
abdominal TB requires treatment with at least 3-4 anti-TB drugs for the initial 2 months and 2 anti-TB drugs for 7-10 months thereafter.
Isoniazid is used with other drugs to treat active TB infections. It is also used alone to prevent active TB infection in people who may be infected with the bacteria ( those who have a positive tuberculosis skin test).
It is an antibiotic medicine so it is able to destroy bacteria in the body. So Isoniazid is not suitable for use in case of the virus, it has to be used as support so a doctor’s advice is necessary.
This antibiotic only treats bacterial infections. It will not work for viral infections (eg- flu, common cold, ). Any antibiotic used unless necessary will not work for future infections.
Homeopathic treatment for tuberculosis
Tuberculinum:- It is made by collecting pus from lung lesions of tuberculosis patients and refilling it through pharmaceutical companies.
Bacillinum: Prepared according to a pharmaceutical company’s formula by collecting the lungs of people with lung disease and boiling them with water.
Prevention of tuberculosis
If you want to prevent TB, you have to be aware of yourself. Max can be used if necessary.
Specific medicines have been released for this disease, so consult an experienced doctor in your area and take the medicine properly.
Where one should refrain from spitting while sitting there and advise others also. So that such germ-borne diseases cannot occur and spread through various means in the area. Then TB will be removed from society.
To know more about this article, click on the following link, Which we recommend the symptoms of tuberculosis. For example –
- Tuberculosis ( World Health Organization) = Tuberculosis report 2021, Children and adolescents, Management of tuberculosis, TB Diagnosis & treatment.
- Tuberculosis Wikipedia, History, diagnosis, Latent, Osmosis, Extrapulmonary, classification, Meningitis, Risk factors, Military, Radiology, Primary inoculation, Abdominal, Relation to HIV, Short-course,