Vacuum cleaner parts name functions and types for repair

Different vacuum cleaner parts, names, functions, and types for repair.

Parts of a vacuum cleaner and their functions:

The components of a vacuum cleaner depending on the type or model, but in general, we can distinguish the following:

The motor:

Without a doubt, the motor of a vacuum cleaner is the most necessary part, it is the using force.

Without him, it wouldn’t work. In fact, when the motor breaks or melts, there is nothing you can do to save it since it feeds the entire body of the machine so that it works correctly. 

The motor of a vacuum cleaner can be of two types: electric bypass or direct. The former has more power than direct, but is also heavier and often noisier and is often used in industrial vacuum cleaners. The second is quieter, but has fewer watts, although they are usually cheaper to make and have lower maintenance costs for a home vacuum.

Air entrance:

It is the part of the vacuum cleaner that performs the first function, because it extracts air, collecting dirt from the outside towards the interior of the vacuum cleaner for cleaning. 

The air inlet can be an opening at the top of the machine or a slot on one of its sides, which is the most common. 

Some models have both types of sockets. In any case, they use the built-in nozzles and hoses.

The amount of air it draws in depends on the power of the vacuum cleaner (in watts, w) and the suction capacity (in kilopascals, kPa). 

The higher these measurements, the more dust it is capable of cleaning. Therefore, if your vacuum cleaner loses suction power, it may be due to an obstruction in the air inlet.

Vacuum cleaner parts name filter

The filter is one of the most fantastic components of a vacuum cleaner. It is accountable for setting apart dust from the airflow and retains particles that should injure the fan, motor, or bag.

So it is always recommended to purchase a vacuum cleaner with a good filter system to achieve a longer useful life for the device.

You can find them in various shapes and materials, although they are usually made of paper, foam, or cloth. The material used to make the filter will depend on how fine the particles that need to be removed from the air are.

For this, you can look at the HEPA classification established by European regulations.

Maintenance can vary depending on how the filter is, since the paper ones are disposable, a good option for allergy sufferers, and the cloth ones are usually reusable and can be washed with water. Be careful: make sure you can find spare parts of the same brand at a good price. 

The most popular brands of vacuum cleaners usually offer replacements, but if you opt for cheap models you can have problems.

Another good option for allergy sufferers is vacuum cleaners with a water filter, which pass the air through a tank with water, trapping dust in its path.

Vacuum cleaner parts fan

The fan is one of the most important internal parts of a vacuum, as it serves to create suction in a vacuum, which helps move air through its blades. 

It is in charge of taking the air from the inlet port to the outlet, so it must be very clean for the vacuum cleaner to work at full capacity and the air enters and exits smoothly.

Air vent:

The exhaust port is an opening through which the vacuum exhausts clean, filtered air. It gets rid of the dirt and dust particles sucked in, which will go to the tank, and removes the air caught through the suction. 

For this reason, choosing a good filter is essential, because it will leave the environment free of harmful particles.

This hole is usually located at the back of your vacuum cleaner and it is very important that you do not cover it so that it can have good performance, otherwise, it can collapse and be damaged. If you keep it in good condition, the expelled air is cleaner. 


It is one of the most important parts of a vacuum cleaner when choosing a model. As you may already know, the sucked-in dirt and dust are collected in a section of the vacuum cleaner. 

The deposit can be made up of a washable or disposable bag or directly in a container that you can clean and empty in the bin.

A bagged vacuum cleaner collects dirt and dust tightly. This allows for better general maintenance, without having to clean it as often. 

But you also need to replace it, which is an additional cost. It can be a great option for those who are allergic to dust because you do not have direct contact with dirt.

If you don’t have any type of condition, I recommend the tank without a bag, because it is cheaper and you can easily keep it clean with water.

Hose or flexible tube:

The hose or flexible tube of a vacuum is the part that connects the vacuum to the part that sucks up dirt and debris. It is usually made of rubber, plastic, or metal, and can be rolled up when not in use for easy storage.

It is convenient that you look at its length to know if you can reach all the corners that you need to clean.

Other accessories of vacuum cleaner parts name

In addition to the preceding tube, you can locate a multitude of add-ons relying on what you want to vacuum.

The most common are usually brushes for the floor, furniture, and upholstery.

But there are also smaller tubes that are usually included in vacuum cleaners to clean the car, hoses with wide nozzles typical of vacuum cleaners for fireplace ash, specific to collect dog or cat hair that is usually included in specific vacuum cleaners for animal hair, or for the parquet, among others.

Power source:

Finally, a vacuum cleaner wishes electrical energy to work, however relying on the kind of desktop you buy, you can do it completely (with cable) or with a rechargeable battery (without cable).

The cordless is often used a lot for handheld or broom vacuum cleaners in which you need more freedom of movement so as not to depend on a plug. 

It is advisable to pay close attention to its autonomy, that is, how long the battery will last.

In the case of corded vacuum cleaners, which are the most common, it is only necessary to take into account the size of the cable so as not to have to change plugs so many times during cleaning. 

They tend to be more powerful and suck better than cordless ones, although they have less mobility.

Type of vacuum cleaner parts

Different types of vacuum cleaners idea

Classic vacuum cleaners:

Classic or sleigh vacuum cleaners are the ones of a lifetime. They can be with or without a bag, although currently there are also dual or mixed ones, which have both systems.

Broom vacuum cleaners:

They are one of the most interesting alternatives today. They weigh very little and are very manageable. 

At the same time, they currently have great autonomy as well as good power. 

Although they are not devices for vacuuming the entire house, they are ideal for keeping it up to date and especially on stairs or surfaces that are difficult to access.

Vacuum cleaners with water filters

They are vacuum cleaners that are especially recommended to achieve a purer and particle-free environment in the home or a specific space.

Robot vacuum cleaners:

They are the most modern machines and, without a doubt, the ones that offer the most comfort. 

This is so thanks to the fact that they work automatically: they circulate throughout the house, cleaning every last corner. 

They are an ideal solution for those who do not have much time to vacuum on a daily basis.

Wet and dry vacuums:

Another of the alternatives within the types of vacuum cleaners that exist. They are indicated for cleaning places that may contain moisture.

Handheld vacuums:

They are ideal for collecting dirt from corners that are difficult to access, such as our vehicle or the fireplace.

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